Sheikh Sa’di Saadi in Persian سعدی full name: al-Dīn ibn Musharrif Muslih al-Dīn) ( 1213 , Shiraz – December 9, 1291 , Shiraz ) is one of the leading poets Persian period medieval , recognized not only by the quality of his writing, but by the depth of their social sensitivity.
A native of Shiraz , Persia , Saadi left his hometown at an early age to study Arabic literature and science Islam in Baghdad , between 1195 and 1226 .
The conditions of instability that followed the invasion Mughal him to travel through Anatolia , Syria , Egypt and Iraq . It also refers in his trip to India and central Asia . Saadi’s experience is similar to that of Marco Polo , who was in the region between 1271 and 1294 . There is however a difference between the two, while Marco Polo was associated especially with the powerful and the “good life”, Saadi lived with ordinary people, Mughal Holocaust survivors. He met late into the night exchanging ideas with merchants, farmers, religious, walkers, thieves and beggars . For twenty years or more, continued the same routine of sermons, warnings, learning, honing and polishing his dialectic in gems that illuminate the wisdom and the weakness of his people.
When he reappeared in his native Shiraz he was already a grown man. The city, under the rule of Abubakr Sa’d ibn Zangy Atabak (1231-1260) enjoyed a period of relative tranquility. Saadi was not only welcome, but managed to respect the ruling and was named among the greats of the province. In response, Saadi took his literary name of the ruler, Sa’d ibn Zangi, and composed some of the most beautiful panegyrics as initial gesture of gratitude for the ruling house and placed them at the beginning of his Bostan . It is believed that he spent the rest of his life in Shiraz.